Environment always have a way to amaze us and mountains are one of them. They are as mysterious as they are beautiful. Mountains can be described as huge landforms, above the nearby land. They are steeper as compared to hills and formed because of volcanism or tectonic forces. The height of a mountain is measured over sea level and with its increasing height, it gets colder. A total of 24% of earth land is covered with mountains. There are 3 types of mountains mainly, including fold, block and volcanic.
Here a list of top ten highest mountains all around the world:
List of Contents
10 Annapurna Massif
It is a group of mountains in Himalayas and is located in north central parts of Nepal. The group includes: 1 peak more than 8000 meters, 13 peaks more than 7000 meters and 16 peaks more than 6000 meters.
The group is about 55kms long and has Kali Gandaki Gorge on its west and river Marshyangdi on its east and north and Pokhara Valley on its south. The Annapurna has a height of 8,091 meters and is 10th highest. The peaks of Annapurna are considered to be the most dangerous, although, Kangchenjunga has the highest rate of fatality. The word Annapurna means “Goddess of the Harvest”. Louis Lachenal and Maurice Herzog were the first one to climb it. They reached there on 3rd June 1950.
9 Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is located on the western part of the Himalayan range and amongst all the mountains with height above 8,000 meters, it is the western most. It is to the south of Indus River in Diamer District of Pakistan. Not far from its north, Karakoram Range has its western end.
The word Nanga Parbat actually means Naked Mountain. It is 9th highest with a height of 8,126 meters over sea level. The climb on it is considered difficult due its dramatic and intense peak. The mountain is nicknamed “killer mountain” due to several deaths in the early and mid 20th century. Several attempts were made before the mountain got its first ascent. The first one to climb was Hermann Buhl, and Austrian climber and was the first one to climb a 8000 meter alone.
Mt. Manaslu or Kutang is situated in Mansiri Himal, which is a part of Nepalese Himalayas, in west-central Nepal. It is the 8th highest and has a height of 8,156 meters over sea level.
The word Manaslu means “Mountain of the spirit”. The peak is highest in Gorkha district and is about 40 miles from east of Annapurna. The mountain has valley glaciers and long ridges make it approachable from all sides and it towers steeply on the nearby landscape, and is its dominant feature. It got its very first ascent on 9th May 1956 as Gyalzen Norbu and Toshio Imanishi from Japan. They say, as Mount is considered a British mountain, Manaslu belongs to Japanese. According to a study in 2008, the mountain was climbed 297 times till then and had 53 fatalities.
It is a group of mountains in Nepal, spreading over 120kms to Bheri from west of Kaligandaki River. The mountain has tributaries of Bheri River on its southwest and north side and has Myagdi Khola on southeast apart.
The peak is ranked 7th with height of 8,167 meters over sea level. The word Dhaulagiri comes from a word Dhawala in Sanskrit which means white, beautiful, dazzling and Giri means mountain. The peak was climbed for the first time on 13th May, 1960 by Austrian/ Nepali/ Swiss expedition. Dhaulagiri I east is 34kms from Annapurna. The Kali Gandaki River is the deepest in the world, which flows between the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri I.
6 Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu is located on the border of China and Nepal and is one of the important peaks of Khumbu, sub-part of Mahalangur Himalaya, which is 20kms on the west of Mt. Everest.
The peak has a height of 8,188 meters over the sea level and is the 6th highest. The meaning of Cho Oyu in Tibetan is “Turquoise Goddess”. Nangpa La is just a few kilometers away from it and it serves as a major route for trading between Khumbu’s Sherpas and Tibetans. Cho Oyu is one of the peaks that’s 8000 meter high and easiest to climb. The peak got its first ascent on 19th October, 1954 by Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama, Herbert Tichy and Joseph Jochler. Cho Oyu was the 5th 8000 m peak that was climbed after the Annapurna (1950), Mt. Everest (1953), Nanga Parbat (1953) and K2 (1954).
Makalu is situated in Mahalangur Himalayas which are 19kms on the southeast of Mt. Everest, on the Nepal-China border. Makalu is a part of 8000 meter peak and whose shape is a pyramid with four sides.
Makalu has a height of 8,485 meters over sea level and is ranked 5th according to its height. It also has 2 subsidiary peaks Kangchungtse and Chomo Lonzo. Kangchungtse, also called Makalu II is 3kms North-northwest from the main summit. Chomo Lonzo, on the other hand is 5km north-northeast from the main summit. The peak got its first ascent on 15th May, 1955 by Jean Couzy and Lionel Terray. They came with a French expedition. The peak is considered the hardest 8000meter peak and is the most difficult to climb.
Lhotse is a part of Mt. Everest’s group of mountains and is connected to it via South Col. The summit is situated on Khumbu region, Nepal and China Tibet border.
The peak has a height of 8,516 meters over sea level and is the 4th highest after Mt. Everest, K2 and Kangchenjunga. Apart from the main summit, it 2 subsidiary peaks also: Lhotse Middle of height 8414 meters and Lhotse Shar of height 8,383 meters. The peak got its first ascent on 18th May, 1956 by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss. They came with a Swiss team. The smaller peak Lhotse Middle was virgin for a very long time and got it first ascent on 23rd May, 2001 by Sergei Timofeev, Eugeny Vinogradsky, Petr Kuznetsov and Alexei Bolotov. As of 2008, the Lhotse was climbed for 371 times and had 20 fatalities.
Kangchenjunga or Kanchenjunga is partly located in Sikkim, India and partly located in Nepal. It is bounded by Tamur River in west, Jongsang La and Lhonak Chu in north and by Teesta River in east. It is 128km east of Mt. Everest.
Kangchenjunga is the 3rd highest with a height of 8,586 meters over sea level. Out of the 5 peaks, 3 peaks are on the Nepal and North Sikkim border and 2 are in Nepal. The five peaks are called “Five Treasures of Snow” and people of Sikkim and Darjeeling worship them. The peak got its first ascent on 25th May, 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown. They came with an expedition from Britain. There is tradition that every climber or the group follows that is they stop before the summit according to the promise given to Chogyal that the mountain peak will be untouched.
Or Chhogori or Mt. Godwin-Austen is situated on the border of china and Pakistan between Baltistan, in northern parts of Pakistan and Xinjiaang, China.
K2 is the 2nd highest with a height of 8,611 meters over sea level after Mt. Everest. It got is first ascent on 31st July, 1954 by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. The trekking at K2 is considered extremely tough and has 2nd highest fatality rate after Annapurna. Due to its high fatality rate, it is also called Savage Mountain. The peak is usually climbed from Pakistan side as climbing from China is more difficult and dangerous. According to a study in 2010, around 302 people have reached the summit and over 2700 people have reached the summit of Everest. Out of all the people who climbed K2 till 2010, 80 of them died. Another interesting thing about K2 is, nobody ever tried climbing it during winters.
1 Mount Everest
Mount Everest is called by different names in different places like Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet. It is the highest mountain on Earth. It is situated in the Mahalangur range of mountains in Nepal. The group of mountains of Mt. Everest include surrounding peaks like Nuptse(7,855m), Changtse (7580m) and Lhotse (8,516m).
Mt. Everest’s (then called Peak XV) height was first published by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India as 8,840 meters. The present official height is 8,848 meters and is recognized by Nepal and China. The named Mt. Everest was suggested by Andrew Waugh, who named it after his predecessor, Sir George Everest. There are mainly to route to climb it, one from southeast part in Nepal and other from Tibet, China. The peak got its first ascent on 29th May, 1953 by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.
Top 10 Highest Mountains all around the World
|Sr. No.||Mountains – in Meters|
|1||Mount Everest – 8,848 meters|
|2||K2 – 8,611 meters|
|3||Kangchenjunga – 8,586 meters|
|4||Lhotse – 8,516 meters|
|5||Makalu – 8,485 meters|
|6||Cho Oyu – 8,188 meters|
|7||Dhaulagiri – 8,167 meters|
|8||Manaslu – 8,156 meters|
|9||Nanga Parbat – 8,126 meters|
|10||Annapurna Massif – 8,091 meters|
Mountain climbing is one of the toughest and life threatening sports. People have been pursuing it for years now and very passionate about it. The sense of peace and satisfaction after reaching the summit is I m sure unmatched. So plan your next holiday an adventurous one and if not climb then at least go and enjoy the beauty of the mountains.