Island as a word means an area surrounded with water. There about 2000 big and small islands on earth. They are hotspots of biodiversity with different type’s species, flora and fauna, climate and geography.
Here is a list of top ten largest islands in the world:
List of Contents
10 Ellesmere Island
Ellesmere Island is located in Nunavut province of Canadian territory. It is 10th largest in the world and 3rd in Canada. It has an area of 196,235km sq. and is 820km in length.
Most of the island is covered with mountains and is most mountainous island in Canada. The island has Nares Strait on the east, separating it from Greenland, Nansen Sound and Eureka Sound on the west, separating it from Axel Heiberg Island and Cardigan Strait and Jones Sound on the south, separating it from Devon Island.
The highest point on the island is at 2,616m and is called Barbeau Peak. The population according to a study in 2006 was 146. Some of the interesting facts about the island say: the sedimentary rocks on the northern parts of the island are 100000 years old and the only wood species found on the island are Arctic willow.
9 Great Britain
Or just Britain, is the largest island of continental Europe and is situated in north part of Atlantic Ocean. It is the 9th largest island of the world. It has an area of 209,331km sq and has a population of 60,800,000.
It is ranked 3rd in terms of population after Java and Honshu islands. The British Isles comprises of 1000 small islands with Ireland on its west. Scotland, Wales and England cover most part of the island and have their respective capitals. The term Great Britain is often used informally to describe whole of United Kingdom. The island is separated by English Sea and North Sea from the mainland. The biggest city of the island is London and the highest point is at 1,344m and is named Ben Nevis. The island usually experience pleasant temperature all round the year.
8 Victoria Island
Victoria Island is situated in Canadian Arctic Archipelago and shares its boundary on one side with Nunavut and with Northwest Territories of Canada on the other side. It is the 8th largest in world and 2nd in Canada.
Victoria Island has an area of 217,291km sq, with a length of 700km. The name of the island is kept after Queen Victoria. The population of the island was noted to be 1875 in the year 2006. The highest point on the island is at 655m in Shaler Mountains, which are in north central part. The Ferguson Lake in the southeast of the island is the largest and has total area of 562km sq.
It is the biggest and the most populous of the islands in Japan. Honshu is situated across Tsungaru strait, to the north side of Hokkaido, across Inland Sea to the north side of Shikoku and across Kanmon Strait to the northeast side of Kyushu.
Honshu is the 7th largest and is ranked 2nd in the terms of population in all the Islands around the World. It has a population of 103,000,000 according to 2005 census and has an area of 227,962.59km sq.
The island is 1300km long, 50-230km wide and has a coastline of 5450km. Many of the cities in Honshu like Kyoto, Kamakutra and Nara has been capitals of Japan in the past. There are many places on the island that are points of interest for the tourists and are very popular amongst them. Honshu is connected to other 3 main islands through tunnels and bridges. Honshu mostly experience humid climate all round the year.
Sumatra is the biggest island that is completely in Indonesia and is on its western part. It is the 6th largest and has an area of 473,481km sq. and includes adjacent islands like Bangka Belitung and Riau.
The island is surrounded by Indian Ocean on its northwest, west and southwest side and Nias, Simeulue and Mentawai surrounding the coast on the southwest side. The island is separated from Malay Peninsula from northeast side through Strait of Malacca and it is separated from Java on southeast side through Sunda Strait. The mountains of Bukit Barisan are its backbone and have numerous active volcanoes. On the other hand, northeastern part of the island is lowlands covered with mangroves, complex rivers and swamps. Due to equator passing through it, the island experiences tropical, humid and hot climate all through the year. The island has an approx population of 50million according to 2014 census. The highest point is at 3,805meters and is called Kerinci.
5 Baffin Island
Baffin Island is the largest in Canada and is a part of Nunavut province. It is 5th largest in world with area of 507,451km sq. and population is estimated to be 11,000 in 2007.
The island is named after William Baffin, an English explorer and it is also believed that the island was known to explorers from Iceland and Greenland. The island is separated from Quebec through Hudson Strait from south, from Melville Peninsula through Fury and Hecla Strait from western end on its south.
On its east, Baffin Bay and Davis Strait are there and Greenland beyond them. Gulf of Boothia, Lancaster Sound and Foxe Basin separates the remaining north and west archipelago from Baffin Island. The Lakes Nettilling and Amanjuak are the largest of all and are situated in south-central and south part of the island respectively. The highest point of the island is at 2,147m and is called Mount Odin.
It is known officially as Republic of Madagascar and earlier was called as Malagasy Republic. Madagascar is a country in Indian Ocean and off the African coast on southeastern part.The country consists of Madagascar and various small islands.
It is 4th largest with an area of 587,041km sq and has a population of 22,434,363 as per 2014 census. Antananarivo is its capital, with French and Malagasy as its official languages. It is considered as a Biodiversity hotspot and 90% of the wildlife found on the island is not found anywhere on the earth. The wildlife and ecosystem of the island is under threats due to its various environmental threats and growing population. The climate is a combination of rainy season from November-April and comparatively cooler from May-October.
Borneo is situated in the mid of Maritime Southeast Asia and in Indonesia, it is on the northern side of Java, eastern side of Sumatra and western side of Sulawesi. It is politically divided into Indonesia in south and Brunei and Malaysia in north.
Borneo is 3rd largest with and area of 743,330km sq. It is the largest island of Asia with a population of 19,804,064 according to the census in 2010. About 73% island is under Indonesian territory and about 26% consists of Sarawak and Sabah, states of east Malaysia, whereas, Brunei consists of only 1% of the island. It home to on the oldest rainforest all round the world and it is about 140years old. There are about 3000 tree species, 15000 flowering plant species, 221 types of mammals, 420 resident bird species and 440 species of freshwater fish.
2 New Guinea
Historically known as Irian, it is a huge island in south west of Pacific Region. It is 2nd largest in world with an area of 785,753km sq. after Greenland. The island consists of Indonesia, a country on the west and Papua New Guinea on west.
It is on the south of equator and north to Australia and is surrounded by Arafura Sea on west and Coral Sea and Torres Strait on east. The shape of the island similar to that of a bird of paradise and thus, the two extremes are called Bird’s head Peninsula (northwest) and Bird’s Tail Peninsula (southeast). Geographically, the tectonic plates of Australia and New Guinea are same. The population of the island was estimated to be 11 million approx in the year 2014. The highest point is at a height of 4,884 meters and is called Puncak Jaya.
Situated between Atlantic and Arctic Ocean, Greenland is the largest all round the world and is a territory of Denmark and is a part of North American continent. It has been culturally and politically associated specifically with Denmark and Norway, for a millennium now.
It has an area of 2,166,086km sq. and 3/4th of it is covered with permanent ice sheets. It has a population of 56,480 according to 2013 census, which makes it the least populated country of the world. The climate of Greenland is cold most of the time with temperature varying from -8 degrees to 7 degrees. It has the biggest National Park and is biggest dependent territory in world by area. It has the biggest glacier named Ilulissat ice fjord, which is outside the polar area. The main occupation of the people of Greenland is fishing, sealing and whaling.
Top 10 Largest Islands in the World
|Sr No.||Name of 10 Largest Islands|
Islands have always attracted tourists from all over the world due its scenic beauty and it being a combination of a beach and hill station. These islands are very beautiful and definitely deserve your visit.